||This genus consists of 50 species of deciduous shrubs and small trees in the family Tamaricaceae. Their habitat is spread over southern and western Europe, India, North Africa and Asia. Most of the species occur on coastal flats, river estuaries and on saline soil. The plants can grow in coastal conditions where the soil may be saline and the air salt-laden. They are often used as windbreak hedging for exposed gardens near the sea, and some species are also grown to stop the erosion of sand dunes. The galls of some species are used to tan leather.
||CULTIVATION: In coastal areas they grow in well-drained soil in a sunny position, while in inland areas they prefer slightly moister soil and shelter from cold drying winds. Shrubs should be pruned regularly to prevent root-rock in severe winds. Propagate by sowing just-ripened seed in an area protected from frost, and taking half-hardened cuttings in summer or hardwood cuttings in winter.