||A group of 3 species from North America and Mexico, these deciduous or semi-deciduous trees exceeding 100 ft (30 m) in height are found growing in or near water. In these swampy conditions mature trees often produce aerial roots known as ?knees? or pneumatophores, which allow the roots to breathe in the same manner as mangroves. These majestic conical trees bear foliage that resembles that of the yew (Taxus), after which they were named, with fissured peeling bark on buttressed trunks. Both male and female cones are held on the same tree, the small male cones held in pendulous groups, the female ones scattered along the branches.
||CULTIVATION: Curiously in cultivation Taxodium species do not require flooding but will grow in either a clay or sandy soil as long as it remains relatively moist. They can withstand very low winter temperatures where their foliage color turns to vivid rust tones before the leaves fall to reveal a fine tracery of branches. Propagation is from seed except for cultivars which need to be grafted.