December 15
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Plant Species of the genus Salvia

Information about this genus
Name: Salvia
Cultivation: CULTIVATION: The shrubby sages grow in a range of soil types but generally dislike heavy wet soils. Most are best grown in full sun and all require a well-drained situation. While many are tolerant of considerable dryness, most benefit from an occasional deep watering. The African, and most American, species are frost tender to varying degrees and in cold-temperate climates will require the protection of a sunny wall or will need to be grown in containers that can be placed in the greenhouse or conservatory in the colder months. Many of the perennial species are woody at the base and in warm climates can become quite shrub-like. Prune in spring to remove straggly, bare and frost-damaged stems and cut back other stems as required to encourage vigorous new growth. Propagation of most shrubby species is very easy from softwood cuttings taken throughout the growing season. Seed of all species can be sown in spring.
Description: This genus, the largest in the mint family, contains about 900 species of annuals, perennials and softwooded evergreen shrubs that are found in temperate and subtropical regions throughout the world, with the exception of Australasia. They grow in a wide range of habitats, from coastal to alpine. Over half the species are native to the Americas. A number of salvia species are used for culinary and medicinal purposes, the name being derived from the Latin salvare, to heal or save. The leaves are always opposite and carried on squared stems, but there are considerable differences in size and shape. Most species are hairy to a greater or lesser extent and many have foliage that is aromatic when crushed or rubbed. The flowers are tubular with the petals split into 2 lips, which may be straight or flaring. The flowers vary greatly in size, as does the calyx from which they emerge. The color range extends through shades of blue to purple, and pink to red, as well as white and some yellows.

Specie Vernacular Zone
argentea silver sage
azurea pitcher sage
coccinea blood sage
farinacea mealycup sage
hispanica Spanish sage
lyrata lyreleaf sage
nemorosa woodland sage
nutans nodding sage
officinalis 5?10
pratensis introduced sage
reflexa lanceleaf sage
Salvia africana 9?11
Salvia apiana 9?11
Salvia aurea 9?11
Salvia blancoana 8-10
Salvia canariensis 9?11
Salvia chamelaeagnea 9?11
Salvia clevelandii 8-10
Salvia confertiflora 9?11
Salvia dorrii 8?10
Salvia elegans 8?11
Salvia fulgens 9-10
Salvia gesneriiflora 9-11
Salvia greggii 9?11
Salvia leucantha 9?11
Salvia leucophylla 9?11
Salvia melissodora 10-11
Salvia mellifera 8?11
Salvia microphylla 8?11
Salvia regla 9?10
Salvia semiatrata 9-11
sclarea Europe sage
splendens scarlet sage
urticifolia nettleleaf sage
verbenacea verbena sage
verticillata lilac sage

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