September 26
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Plant Species of the genus Berberis

Information about this genus
Name: Berberis
Cultivation: CULTIVATION: Berberis will grow in most well-drained to fairly heavy soils as long as they are not waterlogged. Tropical African species prefer rocky soil in mountainous areas. Plants can be grown in full sun or partial shade but autumn color of the deciduous plants, and fruiting, is better in full sun. Deciduous species may be rooted as softwood cuttings in early summer while half-hardened cuttings of deciduous and evergreen species are best taken later in summer. Seed can be sown in spring but many species cross freely, so the seed will often not come true. Site with care as branch spines can be hazardous.
Description: This genus in the family of Berberidaceae consists of more than 450 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs, mainly distributed across the Northern Hemisphere, the Americas and northern and tropical Africa. They are variable in size, all with spines on their branches. The plants are used to make dye for cloth, leather, wood and hair. The French make a preserve from a seedless form and some species are used medicinally. All parts of the plants are supposed to cause mild stomach upsets if eaten. Seven species are host to the bacteria that cause stem rot in some cereal crops, and in the USA eradication of these species has been attempted. Berberis 3 stenophylla was introduced into New Zealand and is a serious pest. Plants in the genus are generally cultivated for the ornamental value of their leaves, flowers and berries which are often held until winter.

Specie Vernacular Zone
amplectens
aquifolium
Berberis 3 bristolensis 6-9
Berberis 3 carminea 6-9
Berberis 3 frikartii 6-9
Berberis 3 interposita 6-9
Berberis 3 lologensis 6-9
Berberis 3 mentorensis 5-10
Berberis 3 ottawensis 5-10
Berberis 3 stenophylla 6-9
Berberis aggregata 6-9
Berberis aristata 6-9
Berberis buxifolia 6-9
Berberis calliantha 4-9
Berberis candidula 4-9
Berberis darwinii 7-10
Berberis diaphana 6-9
Berberis dictyophylla 6-9
Berberis edgeworthiana 6-9
Berberis empetrifolia 7-10
Berberis gagnepainii 5-9
Berberis henryana 6-9
Berberis julianae 5-9
Berberis koreana 4-9
Berberis linearifolia 6-9
Berberis lycium 6-9
Berberis prattii 5-9
Berberis pruinosa 6-9
Berberis rubrostilla 6-9
Berberis sanguinea 6-9
Berberis sargentiana 6-9
Berberis sieboldii 5-9
Berberis temolaica 5-9
Berberis valdiviana 8-10
Berberis verruculosa 5-9
Berberis wilsoniae 5-10
Berberis yunnanensis 6-9
canadensis American barberry
ottawensis
piperiana
pumila
repens
sonnei
thunbergii 4-9
vulgaris 3-9



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