December 18
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Plant Species of the genus Anacardium

Information about this genus
Name: Anacardium
Cultivation: CULTIVATION: The cashew is successfully grown in those large areas of the tropics that experience a monsoonal climate with a long dry season. In the wetter tropics it is more prone to pests and diseases, and the fruit develops poorly. It survives a little way beyond the tropics but does not thrive, and is quite intolerant of frost. Well-drained sandy soils of moderate fertility are preferred and they tolerate exposure to fierce sun or coastal salt spray. Propagation is from seed, from selected high-yielding trees. The best cultivars are sometimes increased by grafting, cuttings or air-layering but these techniques are slower and more difficult.
Description: This tropical American genus of 11 species includes the cashew (Anacardium occidentale) whose seed kernel is one of the world?s most popular nuts. The genus is related to the mango genus (Mangifera); a resemblance is evident in the single-seeded fruits curved to one side. Anacardium species are evergreen or semi-deciduous trees, small to medium-sized with simple, smooth-edged, rather leathery leaves. Flowers are small and subdued in color but carried in large panicles, followed over a period by the distinctive fruit?these are each attached to a swollen juicy stalk, resembling a fruit itself and edible. The true fruit is smaller, curved like the enclosed seed, which is covered by a thin flesh that contains a dangerously caustic juice.

Specie Vernacular Zone
Anacardium occidentale 11-12

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