December 9
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Plant Species of the genus Ardisia

Information about this genus
Name: Ardisia
Cultivation: CULTIVATION: Most are shade-loving plants and prefer humid conditions protected from the wind. Soil should be well-drained, humus-rich and moisture-retentive. They do best where temperatures remain fairly even and soil is kept at constant moisture, and if too stressed may die back suddenly. Indoor plants should be kept away from hot sunny positions. Most ardisias are not easily shaped by pruning but may be cut back near the base, resulting in renewal by vigorous shoots. Propagation is usually from seed, which may take some time to germinate, though cuttings can also be used.
Description: Over 250 species of evergreen shrubs and small trees make up this genus, occurring in the tropics and subtropics of all continents except Africa, and in Asia extending north to Japan. They occur mainly in high-rainfall mountain areas, often in rainforest understory. Many attractive species remain to be introduced to cultivation. Leaves are simple with margins sometimes toothed or crinkled, and tend to be crowded at the ends of branchlets (as in rhododendrons). A common feature is translucent brownish spots or streaks in the leaves, more easily seen in species with thinner leaves. The small flowers are mostly star-shaped, borne in stalked umbels among the outer leaves; the 5 petals are often patterned with tiny spots. Fruits are small one-seeded berries, often quite decorative.

Specie Vernacular Zone
Ardisia crenata 7-11
Ardisia crispa 7-11
Ardisia escallonioides 9-12
Ardisia japonica 7-10



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