January 16
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Plant Species of the genus Brownea

Information about this genus
Name: Brownea
Cultivation: CULTIVATION: They require a tropical climate with ample summer rainfall but are rather slow growing even under ideal conditions. Grown for the beauty of their flowers and as shade trees, they are best suited to a lawn or courtyard with shelter from strong winds. The lower branches have a tendency to sag toward the ground and so it may be desirable to raise them on props to allow viewing of the spectacular flowerheads as well as enhancing the trees? shade value. Propagation is by seed if obtainable, by cuttings though these are slow and difficult to strike, or by air layering.
Description: Belonging to the caesalpinia subfamily of legumes, Brownea consists of 12 or more species of evergreen trees and shrubs from tropical America. It is allied to the Asian Amherstia and Saraca and shares with them large pinnate leaves that show a rather striking behavior: on new growth flushes, which may be quite large, the immature new leaves hang limply like bundles of rags, at first bronze-colored then turning cream (mottled bronze at an intermediate stage); finally the leaves straighten up and turn deep green. The flowers are grouped in heads that hang below the leaves. The species used as ornamentals are adapted for pollination by nectar-feeding birds and have showy dense heads of red, pink or orange flowers that point downward beneath a group of colored bracts; individual flowers are funnel-shaped with protruding stamens. The fruit is a large, flattened, woody pod.

Specie Vernacular Zone
Brownea ariza 11-12
Brownea capitella 11-12
Brownea latifolia 11-12

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