March 17
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Plant Species of the genus Abutilon

Information about this genus
Name: Abutilon
Cultivation: CULTIVATION: The garden abutilons are easily grown in the garden or indoors in pots in a well-lit position. They like a well-drained soil of moderate fertility and do equally well in light shade or bright sun, though they may need to be kept well-watered in an exposed position. In cool climates plants are often kept indoors until the worst frosts are past, then planted out for summer display; the newer dwarf cultivars are very suitable for this purpose. Prune off leading shoots in late winter if a compact form is desired, but note that some cultivars display their blooms best on long arching branches. Propagate from tip cuttings in late summer.
Description: This genus of the mallow family is represented in most warmer parts of the world, but the majority of its 150 or so species are from South or Central America (including all those grown for ornament); the others are mainly from Australia and Africa. Most are shrubs with slender, tough-barked twigs but a few are annuals, perennials or even small trees. Leaves vary from heart-shaped to jaggedly lobed, their margins toothed in most species; twigs and leaves may be clothed with bristly or felty hairs. Flower structure resembles that of other mallows (for example Hibiscus), with 5 petals backed by a conspicuous calyx, and stamens fused into a central tube ending in a tuft of numerous anthers. The name ?Chinese lantern? alludes to the pendent bell-shaped flowers seen in many species, the petals curved downward but with spaces between their bases. But there are also species with flowers that open almost flat, notably a group from the southern Andes sometimes treated as the separate genus Corynabutilon. These are distinctive for the mauve to violet color of their showy flowers, in contrast to the yellows and oranges found in most other species. The fruit of Abutilon is a capsule with many 1-seeded compartments arranged like the spokes of a wheel, often with a weak spine or bristle at the apex of each. The popular garden abutilons are hybrids of a few Brazilian species, with pretty lantern flowers in shades from white through pink, and from yellow and orange to deep bronzy red. In mild climates they flower almost throughout the year, in cooler climates from spring to autumn.

Specie Vernacular Zone
Abutilon 3 hybridum 8-11
Abutilon 3 milleri 8-10
Abutilon 3 suntense 8-9
Abutilon auritum 10-12
Abutilon grandifolium 9-11
Abutilon indicum 10-12
Abutilon megapotamicum 8-10
Abutilon pictum 9-12
Abutilon tridens 9-11
Abutilon vitifolium 8-9
theophrasti velvetleaf

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