December 12
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Plant Species of the genus Fagus

Information about this genus
Name: Fagus
Cultivation: CULTIVATION: In wind-sheltered gardens good growth can be achieved on well-drained, reasonably fertile soil. Summer moisture is necessary until the trees become established. They will not tolerate poorly drained soils but handle moderate air pollution well. Seed should be sown when fresh or grafted cultivars purchased for specific characteristics.
Description: With their own family (Fagaceae) beech trees have long been held in high esteem in their native Europe and the British Isles. They are also scattered through temperate Asia and North America, with the majority being found in China and Japan. They are represented by about 10 species, elegant deciduous trees with light green leaves of smooth texture, holding their branches to ground level. The horizontally held limbs produce layers of foliage which shade the smooth silvery gray trunks and protect against sunburn. In late autumn to winter the foliage turns golden brown or coppery red before falling, a spectacular sight in a cold climate. Their buds are distinctly sharp-pointed and long, held at an angle to the stem, and their prickly fruits, called ?masts?, split into four on ripening to release 2 triangular nuts. Found commonly on chalk soils, because they are surface-rooting trees, they easily outcompete nearby plantings and the ground underneath, in heavy shade, is often bare. In gales they are prone to being blown over. They make good hedge plants and can be clipped neatly. Some remarkable examples of hedged beeches are found throughout Europe.

Specie Vernacular Zone
Fagus crenata 6?8
Fagus engleriana 6?8
Fagus japonica 6?8
Fagus orientalis 6?8
grandifolia 4?8
sylvatica 5?8

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