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Plant Species of the genus Pinus

Information about this genus
Name: Pinus
Cultivation: CULTIVATION: The diversity of this genus means different species have different requirements, which also means there is a species for just about every situation. Most are very hardy to cold and extended dry periods, and tolerate a range of soils, although they must have full sun. These trees are useful as specimens on larger properties and as windbreaks. Certain species are also popular for bonsai. Propagate from seed, although the cultivars are grafted.
Description: This extremely variable genus of conifers has around 110 species, all of which grow in the Northern Hemisphere, with one also occurring just south of the equator. They are found throughout Europe, Asia, northern Africa and North and Central America, with more species in Mexico than in the rest of the world combined. They grow over a range of climates and conditions, from tropical equatorial forests to the extreme cold at the edge of the Arctic Circle. Predominantly large trees, only a couple of species are shrubs. The leaves are needle-like and range from quite small to as much as 18 in (45 cm) long. They are generally found in bundles of 3 or 5, with never more than 8 in a group. The seed cones vary in shape, color and dimension, from small and egg-like to cylindrical cones up to 20 in (50 cm) long. Most seeds have wings to aid dispersal, but are also distributed by birds and animals. The cones of many species open after the wildfires to which they are subjected in the wild, then germinate readily. This genus includes some of the world?s most important timber species, with trees harvested both from the wild and plantations. The sap from certain species is also tapped for the production of turpentine and rosin, and a number of species provide valuable edible seeds.

Specie Vernacular Zone
balsamea
banksiana 2-8
divaricata
echinata 6-9
nigra 4-9
Pinus albicaulis 4-8
Pinus aristata 4-7
Pinus armandii 5-7
Pinus attenuata 7-10
Pinus ayacahuite 8-11
Pinus balfouriana 7-9
Pinus brutia 8-10
Pinus bungeana 5-9
Pinus canariensis 8-11
Pinus caribaea 9-12
Pinus cembra 4-7
Pinus cembroides 7-8
Pinus clausa 7-9
Pinus contorta 5-9
Pinus coulteri 8-10
Pinus densiflora 4-9
Pinus durangensis 8-11
Pinus edulis 5-9
Pinus elliottii 7-11
Pinus engelmannii 8-10
Pinus flexilis 4-7
Pinus gerardiana 7-9
Pinus greggii 8-11
Pinus halepensis 8-11
Pinus hartwegii 8-11
Pinus heldreichii 6-9
Pinus hwangshanensis 7-10
Pinus jeffreyi 6-9
Pinus kesiya 9-12
Pinus koraiensis 3-9
Pinus lambertiana 7-9
Pinus leiophylla 7-10
Pinus longaeva 5-8
Pinus massoniana 7-9
Pinus maximinoi 9-11
Pinus monophylla 6-9
Pinus montezumae 9-11
Pinus monticola 4-9
Pinus mugo 2-8
Pinus muricata 8-10
Pinus oaxacana 9-11
Pinus palustris 7-10
Pinus parviflora 4-9
Pinus patula 7-10
Pinus peuce 5-9
Pinus pinaster 7-10
Pinus pinceana 9-11
Pinus pinea 8-10
Pinus ponderosa 3-9
Pinus praetermissa 8-9
Pinus pseudostrobus 9-11
Pinus pumila 5-9
Pinus radiata 8-10
Pinus roxburghii 6-11
Pinus sabiniana 8-11
Pinus tabuliformis 5-10
Pinus teocote 8-11
Pinus torreyana 8-10
Pinus wallichiana 6-9
pungens 6-9
resinosa 2-8
rigida 4-8
strobus 3-9
sylvestris 2-9
taeda 7-11
thunbergiana Japanese black pine
thunbergii 5-9
virginiana 4-9



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